Money Purchase Plan

Money Purchase Plan

Last Updated on April 17, 2024 by Ben

This Money Purchase Plan is a retirement plan that offers tax-deferred contributions to individuals not covered by an employment-based retirement program. This can be ideal for those who want the benefits of saving for their future but don’t have the funds to do so.

In this blog post we will discuss how this plan works and why it’s important for everyone over 65 years old who has a retirement account with any company other than Social Security.

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What is a Money Purchase Plan?

A “money purchase” pension plan is a retirement benefit plan. The employer deposits money in the account every year. It is like a corporate profit-sharing program where people get that much money each year from the company. Employees are not allowed to give money to the fund but can choose how to invest the money based on options offered by their employer.

A money purchase pension plan is a form of the retirement savings plan. The employee’s account balance is not taxed until it is withdrawn. The employer’s contribution does not have to be paid in taxes at the time it was contributed. A profit-sharing plan is like a money purchase plan. But the rules are more strict if it’s a plan because the company can’t change how much they give you when they earn more or less.

If you use a money purchase plan, it tells you the percentage of your pay that you will need to put in. For example, if the plan is 5% of each eligible employee’s pay, then 5% of each person’s paycheck goes into savings. If you are an employer, and the employee is eligible, you need to contribute 5% of their pay into a savings account. The person gets a benefit when they retire based on the amount of money that has been saved up and what the account is worth at that time.

Businesses can offer a money purchase plan to their employees. They can offer the plan alone or in combination with other types of retirement plans.

An employer must make a contribution to this plan each year for each employee that participates in the program. The employer has to make contributions every year depending on how much money the employee makes. The employer’s contributions are based on an employee’s salary, and they are never less than a certain amount.If an employer doesn’t contribute enough to meet the minimum funding standard for the year, they must pay a tax. Some of these plans allow for employee contributions. But the employees are not required to contribute if they do.

This type of retirement plan is good to have. You can plan them as you want: easy or hard. All you need to do is put your employee’s money in a plan, file Form 5500 with the IRS, and then wait until they retire.

 You might want to consider using a pre-packaged money purchase plan from a qualified retirement plan provider if you own a small company. This is a plan that administers the plan for you. Similar to other qualified retirement plans, the plan comes with tax advantages and regulations. This type of retirement plan also has these benefits.

  • If you switch jobs, then you can take your money purchase plan with you. You can put it into a new IRA or 401(k).
  • If you take money out of your retirement account before retirement, you have to pay the penalty.
  • Your employer cannot allow you to take money out of your account.
  • Some employers may let you borrow from your account.

You pay money to a plan. When you retire, the benefits are based on how much money is in the account and what it has earned or lost.

Pros of Money Purchase Plans

Tax Benefits

Contributions constructed to money purchase plans are tax-deductible, and it is also a way for the person who is giving the money to save some of their taxes. If you take out the money before retirement, you will need to pay taxes on it. If you are an employee of a company, then they might have a plan where the company gives money to you. If they do, then the employer’s deduction is limited, and only 25% of that money can be deducted from your salary.

Larger Account Balances

The required contribution percentage means that the company puts money into your account every year. It might be little at first, but over time, it will grow, and you will have a lot of money!

Steady Payments

Money purchase plans are for people who want to save money. They offer a life annuity, which is usually a monthly payment. Other forms of distribution can also be given out.

Cons of Money Purchase Plans

Administrative Costs

Some retirement plans are more complicated than others. They tend to be more expensive and take longer to get.

Top-heavy Test

If you make the plan better for the people who are making more, then it might mean that people who are not good at their work can’t get a job. Then it will not be a qualified plan, and you won’t get tax benefits.

Required Contributions

At the beginning of a business, you will have to contribute even if the profits are low. This means that you will have less money in your budget when times get tough.

Excise Tax

If you don’t have enough money to meet the minimum funding standard, you will need to pay an excise tax.

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Money Purchase Plan Rollover Rules & Limitations

Employers must state the amount that they will contribute to their company’s pension plan in the document. The level of benefaction depends on the salary of employees. Employers can give a maximum of 100% of each employee’s salary or 25% of the aggregate yearly compensation for all employees benefiting from the plan. The amount that they can contribute is based on these numbers.

Money Purchase Plan vs. Profit Sharing Plan vs. 401(k) vs. Other Retirement Accounts

The employer can decide how much will be given to employees each year with a traditional 401(k) or profit-sharing plan. Instead of paying a set percentage of your salary, an employer with a 401(k) can contribute to matches for employees’ contributions. A profit-sharing employer might decide to share a fixed amount of money with their employees each year. They do this by giving them a percentage of their salary.

Employers contribute money to a retirement plan each year. The amount depends on how much money they have that year. If you have a lot of money, then the employer will contribute more. They do not change their contributions based on how profitable the company was throughout the year.

In a profit-sharing plan, the only contributions allowed are from the employer. This is different from 401(k) plans, where both employee and employer can contribute money. The maximum contribution for profit-sharing plans is more than 401(k)s (below). Different 401(k)s have different features.

 There is an option when you don’t want to use the money right away and save it if you need it later. A deferral feature is one of these options, and if this is added, then the plan becomes a 401(k).

A 401(k) plan is a way for people to save money. You and your employer can both place money into the plan. The company will not be able to take the money that you have saved.

Money Purchase Plan Eligibility

A money purchase pension plan can be proffered by any company regardless of its size. This type of pension plan is usually offered with other types of retirement plans in order to maximize the amount that someone may contribute each year.

A money purchase pension plan can be either simple or complex, depending on the needs of the company. The employer must file a form with the Internal Revenue Service every year (Form 5500). This is an annual report about how many benefits have been given to employees.

Small companies can take pre-packed plans from authorized retirement plan suppliers. The company pays the provider, who will then manage the money purchase pension plan for them.

A lump sum of cash is invested over time and pays an annuity or annuities. It is known as a money purchase plan, and the rules that come with it are similar to any qualified retirement account.

The money purchase pension plan is plotted to supply retirement income. You can use the total pool of capital in the account when you retire to buy a lifetime annuity or withdraw it in one lump sum.

Each person in the money-purchase plan has a different amount. This is because they contributed some of their pay, and the investment return on those contributions was different. These plans are a good way to use your money. You can save a lot of money and take it out when you need it. When you have this plan, you can buy anything that is in the plan with your own money. You can also use the plan with other plans to help them work better.

Companies are required to give money to their employees. The amount you can receive is based on your salary. For 2020, the company must pay at least 25% of the employee’s salary or $57,000. For 2021, the amount you can receive goes up to $58,000.

When you retire, the amount of money you get is based on how much money you earn. If you are a man, the money is different if your wife works too. As long as the number of contributions stays under an annual limit and there are gains or losses on investments, then it won’t be taxed.

 Employers usually give people a chance to take out money without a penalty after they have worked for the company for a certain time. If you are fully vested in the company, you can take money out at age 59½ without any problems.

The government taxes withdrawals from your IRA. Sometimes people withdraw the money in one lump sum, and sometimes they do it with installments. You have to start doing this by the time you are 72 years old. This is different than before when people had to start withdrawing their money at 70½ years old. Some people need to take money out of their 401(k)s when they are 70 years old. 

How Much Can You Contribute to a Money Purchase Plan?

This is a kind of retirement plan that includes contributions from the company and the employees. The employer has to contribute a certain amount, and employees may also have to contribute.

In 2018, you can’t put over $57,000 in a 401k. That’s the least of 25% of your salary or $57,000. If your employer doesn’t have to pay the minimum amount, they will be fined if they don’t contribute enough to the 401k.

Companies that offer defined-contribution plans need to be careful. They cannot make their plans too top-heavy. This means they should not favor the people who earn a lot of money over those who do not. A money purchase plan is considered top-heavy if the company’s owners and highly compensated employees own more than 60% of the plan’s total assets.

 If a company has a plan where people with more money get more money, they will lose the status of their plan as being qualified. This means that not only the person who made the plan but also other people who want to keep getting money from it will have to pay lots of taxes.

These types of plans are sometimes offered with profit sharing or 401(k)s. But that is not always the case. Employer contributions can only go up to a certain limit, no matter what account it is in. Some people can only max out on their 401(k) and receive the maximum employer contribution across their retirement accounts.

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What Types of Gold Can You Invest in With a Money Purchase Plan?

Gold is a valuable investment for many people. Some people like it because the price does not change when the economy changes, and it goes up in price when other investments are down, like stocks or real estate—types of gold that can be bought from your money purchase plan.

 Gold prices are higher now than 40 years ago. Investors buy and sell their way towards financial security by buying and selling gold one year at a time through systematic purchases. Even if you don’t have enough money to buy a house at one time, do not buy more than once. That is why it may make sense to purchase less often. There are fewer fees when you only trade houses once per transaction.

People have always liked investing in gold, and many people do not know what type of gold they should buy. If you are thinking about getting some for your money, make sure to find out more information. People buy and sell metals in different ways. One way is as a bulk lot, where you can buy a lot of metal at once.

 Another way is to use coins, which are worth more than the metal inside them. One type of coin you can buy is the 1 oz Silver American Eagle Coin for $1 per troy ounce.

Bulk lots are made up of more than 100 ounces of ingots. They can be bought from a dealer that charges fewer commission fees if you sell the metal back later on. A bulk lot will include bars and rounds, but also items that have been made into paperweights or other things.


The money purchase pension plan can considerably boost retirement savings, especially if combined with a 401(k). For the company, having such a program gives them an edge over their competitors for talent. The tax benefit cushions any blow from these expenditures, and on the downside, it may have greater administrative costs than other retirement plans do.

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